Condemned To Repeat
GCSE History & Politics (Paper 1), May 27, 2029.
Question 4: “We have learned, a little late no doubt, that for states as for individuals real wealth consists not in acquiring or invading the domains of others, but in developing one’s own. We have learned that all extensions of territory, all usurpations, by force or by fraud, which have long been connected by prejudice with the idea of ‘rank,’ of ‘hegemony,’ of ‘political stability,’ of ‘superiority’ in the order of the Powers, are only the cruel jests of political lunacy, false estimates of power, and that their real effect is to increase the difficulty of administration and to diminish the happiness and security of the governed for the passing interest or for the vanity of those who govern…”
Charles Maurice de Talleryand (French 18th Century diplomat).
Discuss with reference to Britain’s role in the Iraq and Afghan wars (2003-2024)
[Fee for this question is £1,250 and a 1% surcharge on future Income Tax per exam grade above C.]